Electrostatic, Low Grade Ion, and Tribo: Charging Processes Used in Powder CoatingMay 16, 2019
Generally speaking, powder coating operations utilize electrostatic technology. With the charging process triggered, a negatively charged dry powder exits the gun nozzle. Nearby, within the sealed booth, a grounded workpiece attracts the grains, until they uniformly cover every square centimetre of that electrostatically charged part. Let's skip the generalities and go straight to the specifics. Responsible for generating the static charge, there are several types of powder manipulating technologies.
The Electrostatic Charging Process
It's the job of an electrostatic power supply to generate a high-voltage, low current charge. That static charge ionizes the powder. Then, with the ionized stream driven by compressed air, it creates an airborne envelope of negatively charge particulate matter. That's essentially how electrostatic powder coating works, with the ionized cloud attracted to the grounded workpiece. The charging unit and the electrostatic gun both have dials and switches, which are used to refine the powder's charge. By adjusting these settings, the operator can avoid subpar surface coverings.
Opting for Tribo Equipment
The differences between the three powder coating charging processes are fairly noticeable. For one thing, Tribo guns generate their charges by using friction. The powder speeds through the gun, where it "rubs" against a Teflon lining. As this rubbing effect accelerates down the powder gun barrel, the little capsules become positively charged. The solid-state, high-voltage electrostatic power supply is gone, for the "Tribostatic" process propagates as a result of frictional rubbing. The two dissimilar materials, the powder and the Teflon lining, rub together inside the Tribo gun.
Low-Grade Ion Charging
This equipment requires an extra fitting. Known as a SuperCorona, this additional output accessory installs as a retrofitted gun section. It's this gun attachment that draws away some of the charged spray's free ions. The charge is instead fed back to the ring and grounded. In effect, the low-grade ion accessory refines the spray by reducing ion density. Using this approach, retrofitted electrostatic guns can regulate their outputs more precisely. This is a particularly useful attachment to own if the workpiece to be powder coated requires a thicker, smoother film. Furthermore, the accessory has the wherewithal to deliver other desirable coatings perks, including a reduction in back ionization unevenness.
And there we have it, there are three different charging processes available. If one method doesn't deliver good results with a certain powder type, switch to one of the other systems. Of note, the Low-Grade Ion system can work with regular powder guns as long as the accessory can be retrofitted onto that tool. For the Tribo charging process, however, an entirely new gun type will need to be purchased.
GP Industries Pty Ltd
1 Regal Court,
Vermont South VIC 3133
Phone: (03) 9802 1355
Fax: (03) 9802 6027
20 Burgess Road,
Bayswater North VIC 3153
Phone: (03) 9761 7676
Fax: (03) 9761 7671
Optimized by NetwizardSEO.com.au
- The Significance of Powder Coating Ovens in Automotive Manufacturing
- Emerging Technologies in Powder Coating for a Sustainable Future
- How the Right Powder Coating Equipment and Powder Coating Application Can Help Avert Corrosion and Rust
- The Benefits of Powder Coating in Metal Fabrication
- How Magnetic Induction Method Measure Powder Coating Thickness
- Overcoming the Faraday Cage Effect in Powder Coating Application
- The Significance of Particle Size in Powder Coating Transfer Efficiency
- The Differences Between Powder Coating and Electroplating
- Powder Coat Adhesion Testing Process
- Why Is Powder Coating a Sustainable Option?
- Common Reasons for Chipped Powder Coating
- Electrostatic, Low Grade Ion, and Tribo: Charging Processes Used in Powder Coating
- What are the Causes of Outgassing in Powder Coating?
- Powder Coating Contamination and Its Effects on Product Quality
- Understanding the Causes of Craters in Powder Coating
- Powder Coating Booth Temperature: A Factor in Powder Coating Transfer Efficiency
- Powder Coating: A Phosphate Pre-Treatment is a Plus
- Paint Powder Qualities Required for Powder Coating Equipment
- Common Issues of Metallic Powder Coating
- Powder Coating Gun Settings: How It Can Affect Powder Coat Finish
- Turn Key Powder Coating Equipment: Customised Solution for All Powder Coating Needs
- Important Things to Keep in Mind Prior to Ordering Your Powder Coating Oven
- Appearance Issues: What Happens When a Powder Coating Equipment is Already Failing?
- View all articles…
- Powder Coating in Sheet Metal Processing
- Powder Coating for Automotive for Best Finished Results
- View all articles…
- Is It Possible to Powder Coat Chrome Materials?
- Pre-Treatment Process of Materials before Powder Coating
- View all articles…